Overall mission of the Commission

The overall mission of the Commission shall be to promote and protect Human Rights.

 

Special missions of the Commission

 

The special mission of the Commission regarding Human Rights promotion shall be the following: 

1° to educate and sensitize the population on matters relating to human rights and participate in the development of Human Rights educational programmes; 

2° to collaborate with other organs in designing strategies to prevent violations of Human Rights; 

3° to prepare and disseminate reports on the situation of Human Rights in Rwanda annually and whenever necessary; 

4° to provide views, upon request or at its own initiative on laws, regulations of public organs in force in the country and bills so as to ensure their conformity to fundamental principles of Human Rights;

5° to urge relevant government institutions to ratify international treaties related to Human Rights and incorporate them in the existing domestic laws; 

6° to urge relevant government institutions to submit on time the reports related to international treaties on Human Rights ratified by Rwanda; 

7° to propose to relevant government authorities, measures to be taken to address and punish in accordance with law any violation of Human Rights; 

8° to collaborate with other foreign national Human Rights institutions, local associations and international organisations in Human Rights promotion and protection activities.

Special responsibilities of the Commission as regards to the protection of Human Rights 

Regarding the protection of human rights, the Commission has the following special responsibilities:

1° to monitor the compliance with the human rights, in particular with the rights of child, woman, persons with disabilities, people living with HIV/ AIDS, refugees, migrant workers and members of their families and elderly’s rights; 

2° to receive, examine and investigate complaints relating to human rights violations; 

3° to examine human rights violations in Rwanda committed by public or private organs, associations, non-governmental organizations, persons abusing their powers, a group of persons or individuals;

4° to visit premises of detention with a view to monitor respect for the rights of detainees and to request the relevant institutions to solve identified problems with regard to the violations of the rights of detainees; 

5° to monitor the respect for human rights throughout elections process and submit reports to relevant organs

 

Special responsibilities of the Commission as regards to the prevention of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment 

Regarding prevention of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the Commission has the following special responsibilities: 

1° to carry out, with or without notice, regular visits at any time when deemed necessary to the following places: 

a) prisons; 

b) places of detention investigation measures; 

c) rehabilitation and transit centres; 

d) centres for mentally handicapped and psychiatric hospitals; 

e) elderly centres; 

f) transit centres for immigrants with problems; 

g) vehicles or any other means of detainees’ transport; 

h) any other place where persons are or may be deprived of their liberty. 

2° to regularly monitor the conditions of detention of persons deprived of their liberty and other rights with a view to their protection against torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; 

3° to issue recommendations to relevant authorities with the aim to improve the conditions of detention of the persons deprived of their liberty and to prevent torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment based on international, regional and national laws and ask them to solve identified problems; 

4° to follow up the implementation of its recommendations that the Commission submitted to other institutions; 

5° to provide views on existing laws and draft laws relating to the prevention and control of torture and other cruel inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment in place of detention; 

6° to receive complaints relating to detention, well-being and other rights of persons deprived of their liberty; 

7° to carry out research and studies on detention, well-being and other rights of detainees with the aim of preventing or combating torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; 

8° to promote good relationship and collaboration with other institutions with the same responsibilities as the Commission.